Cracow - some facts
KrakÃ³w (Polish pronunciation: ?krakuf About this sound listen (help?info)), also Cracow or Krakow (US English /?kr??ka?/, UK English /?kr?ka?/),23 is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River (Polish: WisÅ‚a) in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century.4 KrakÃ³w has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. It was the capital of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1038 to 1569; the Polish?Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1596;5 the Free City of KrakÃ³w from 1815 to 1846; the Grand Duchy of Cracow from 1846 to 1918; and KrakÃ³w Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1998. It has been the capital of Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999.
The city has grown from a Stone Age settlement to Poland's second most important city. It began as a hamlet on Wawel Hill and was already being reported as a busy trading centre of Slavonic Europe in 965.4 With the establishment of new universities and cultural venues at the emergence of the Second Polish Republic in 1918 and throughout the 20th century, KrakÃ³w reaffirmed its role as a major national academic and artistic centre. The city has a population of approximately 760,000, with approximately 8 million additional people living within a 100 km (62 mi) radius of its main square.6
Well-known winter resorts in Poland
Many people take time off work during the winter and spends time in the Polish tourist resorts. Tourists come to the mountain resorts especially during the winter holidays. Such centers are adapted to the needs of single travelers and families. Although Poland is not a country known for its winter resorts, but staying in Zakopane or other mountain resorts for many people can be attractive and memorable, the more that take place in Poland more and more sporting events associated with winter sports and events related to the celebration of Carnival. Other attractions related to mountain tourism are walks in the mountains, sleigh rides and skiing lessons. As a result, Poland mountaineering can constantly develop and attract more and more people.
About polish climate
The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country. The climate is oceanic in the north and west and becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east. Summers are generally warm, with average temperatures between 18 and 30 Â°C (64.4 and 86.0 Â°F) depending on a region. Winters are rather cold, with average temperatures around 3 Â°C (37.4 Â°F) in the northwest and ?6 Â°C (21 Â°F) in the northeast. Precipitation falls throughout the year, although, especially in the east; winter is drier than summer.98